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Do You Know About “HIV AND AIDS IN ZAMBIA”
HIV AND AIDS IN ZAMBIA
HIV/AIDS is considered the deadliest epidemic in the 21st century.It is transmitted through sex, intravenous drug use and mother-to-child transmission.Zambia is experiencing a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic, with a national HIV prevalence rate of 17% among adults ages 15 to 49. Per the 2000 Zambian census, the people affected by HIV/AIDS constituted 15% of the total population, amounting to one million, of which 60% were women.
The pandemic results in increased number of orphans, with an estimated 600,000 orphans in the country. It was prevalent more in urban areas compared to rural and among all provinces, Copperbelt Province and Lusaka Province had higher occurrence. The government of Zambia created an AIDS surveillance committee as early as 1986, and created an emergency plan to control the spread by 1987. By 2005, the government made antiretroviral therapy free for every individual. There are several UN and NGO voluntary organizations that are helping combat the disease.
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